A tiny mussel the size of approximately 38 mm or 1.5 inch. The mussel is brown or yellow-brown.Adult mussels feed on algae and other small suspended particles. These adult mussels are called filter-feeders.
Located in some drainages in New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, New York, Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina. They are typically found in clay, sand, gravel, and pebble floored rivers and streams. They are usually found in shallow waters to a max of 25 ft deep and spend most of their time there.
Pollution, sedimentation, acid rain, fertilizers, pesticide, and toxins.
A snail with a semiopaque shell that is white to yellow-pink. The shell has 3 ½ whorls and is covered with blotches and streaks. The body is is yellow and pale and has a black blotch on the foot.
Chittenango Creek and Waterfall.
Pollution, fertilizers, pesticides, road salt.
Adults are a range of 1 to 1.4 inches. It is orange-red to black with wings that have red spots and orange tipped antennae. Males have a rectangle marked forehead while a female has a triangular shaped marking.
Block Island and Rhode Island in shrub/pasture areas.
Carrion based foods are disappearing as the American Burying Beetle is being outcompeted.
A small butterfly with a wingspan of 1 in. The male has a upper wing that is deep indigo with a white fringe. The female has a upper wing that is brown with orange dots. Both sex has an under wing that is white with black, blue, orange. The larvae is half an inch and blue.
Located in Minnesota, New Hampshire, and the Hudson River. They live in sandy areas that have open woods that supports blue lupine (its food source).
Urbanization, fire suppression, fertilizers, and pesticides.
The shortnose sturgeon is a short fish that rarely exceed 14 pounds and 3.5 ft. As its name implies, it has a short snout with four barbels used for feeling and has five scutes across its body with two on its belly, one on either sides and one on its head. It is olive-yellow to grey-blue with a bottom that is white to yellow.
The shortnose is found along the coasts of the East Atlantic ocean and in New York, occurs at the hudson river from Manhattan to about a hundred and fifty miles up the river.
Overfishing, pollutants in the river, and lack of dissolved oxygen are the main cause. Overfishing and a dam in the Hudson River is also a problem for the population.
It is a tiny fish that averages from 4 to 7 inches long with big eyes. It is silver and has a white band on the lower body body. The tail is clear with the exception of the band. The upper jaw overbites the lower jaw in this fish.
Lives in Lake Erie in NY however it exists in lakes and rivers throughout east central United States.
Lack of water quality, lack of mayfly larvae, and habitat modification.
The pugnose shiner is no longer than 2 inches. It is small and has silver sides with a dark spine on its back. It has a nearly vertical pointed mouth.
In New York State this minnow is found in Sodus Bay and St. Lawrence River as of now.
The threat is believed to be increased sediments and pollutants in the water.
The Whitefish is a fish usually from 8 inches to a foot. It is shaped like a tube as its name implies. The fish is olive brown shade on top that graduates to silver on the bottom. Juveniles have black spots across its body.
Lakes in the Adirondacks. It exist so far in only nine lakes in these areas.
Overfishing, Invasive perch, competition, acidification, and poor water quality is a cause.
The bluebreast darter is a tiny fish no longer than three inches. It is extremely colorful with males who are sexually active. They have orange fins, red spots, and a blue breast. The general population is more drab with olive green color and a light and dark band across its body.
It exists in New York at the Allegheny River basin’s upper reach.
Poor water quality seems to be its threat as these darters are indicator of water quality.
The spoonheads look somewhat like a spoon with a triangular head and a body shaped like a tube. The fish does has prickles across its body instead of the normal scales. It is speckled and its body is olive brown that graduates to white on the bottom. The sides are light yellow.
In New York it lives in Lake Erie and Ontario, however it is believed to be extinct in those areas.
Species of sculpin is a range from about 2.5 to 4.5 inches. The body is tubular and the head is flat and broad. The fish also has four spines on its face and it has prickles instead of scales. It is grey brown in color and has dark marks on its back.
This fish exists in the deep waters in Lake Erie and Ontario.
Unknown but alewives and rainbow smelt is to blame.
It is about seven to eight inches long typically. It is dark brown with yellow splotches all across it. It has a long tail and a fat body.
Ponds in Nassau and Suffolk County in Long Island.
Urban Development, pesticides, and expansion of bullfrogs and predatory fish
The Northern Cricket frog is only a mere one inch yet it can jump around 5 to 6 feet long. It is a variety of color from red, black, orange, and yellow with brown and green. The female is typically larger than the male species. The frogs are aquatic and produces pebble like sounds.
Southeast New York in areas that have stagnant ponds and lots of vegetation that are sunny.
Habitat destruction, DDT, road salts, and predatory fish.
It is small turtle that is a range of 3 to 4 inches long. The shell is smooth and is dark brown to almost black. It only has 11 scutes and has a bottom that is yellow to brown.
They exist in only five areas in LOng Island. They prefer slow to non-moving waters that have lots of vegetation.
Pet trade, getting ran over during migration, and urban development.
A small turtle reaching a max of four and a half inch. The most distinctive feature of this turtle is orange-yellow splotches on its neck and head. It has a dark body with occasionally orange red coloring in the leg. The shell is dark too but might sometimes by chestnut color. The easiest way to distinguish sex is if the turtle’s plastron is concave meaning it is a male.
It exists in environments that are cool and contains muck soil and vegetations. They also generally prefer slow moving waters. This species is most prominent in southeastern New York
Its biggest threat is illegal collection and habitat loss.